FLP-2492 Impeller Flow Meter Borehole Probe

Theory of Operation


Pulses from a driver circuit representing impeller rotation (4 pulses per revolution) are sent up the cable. Direction of rotation is not available with this data, so the operator must determine flow direction by logging at different speeds in the same direction and noting whether the impeller rate increases or decreases with respect to changes in rate. See notes below for more information. The impeller is fitted on rotor which has 2 fiber optic cables imbedded in it which are looped in 180 degree planes in the mounting body. The impeller is held onto the shaft by a nut.

The sensor assembly has two small openings (lenses) that are aligned 180 degrees apart. They are radially set at the same distance from the center axis of the probe as are the ends of the fiber optic loop on the rotor. When the rotor spins, the light from one of the lenses (led) passes through the loop of fiber optic cable and is received at the other side (photodiode). This occurs 4 times per revolution.

Applications

The tool is typically used in ground water production projects. In a multi screened water production well the flow meter is used to determine quantitative interval specific flow rates, as long as the well diameter and pumping rates are known.


Flow meter data presented as RPM of the impeller shaft (which is calibrated as a flow). Incremental flow for each screened section (green), and the K of each section (red) indicated. K is derived by calculating a constant of proportionality for each screened interval between incremental flow per foot of screen (measured by flow meter), and total pump rate for the whole interval, as given by the equations above.

C = constant of proportionality
Ka = Average K for the whole interval (5.2 ft/day, pump test data)
Ki = K for individual screened section
Zi = individual screened length per section
B = total sum length of screen (135 ft, example)
Qi = flow rate for individual screened section
Qp = total pumped flow rate (pump test)

Specifications
Diameter: 
4.2 cm (depends on cage/impeller config.)
Weight: 
9 kg
Length: 
122 cm
Measuring range: 
2-70 meters/minute
Resolution: 
< 0.3 m/min
Pressure: 
2000 psi
Temperature: 
70 degrees C